Electrokinetic power conversion
The electrokinetic power conversion gains a lot of attention because of simple experimental process and renewable energy sources. Applying a salt concentration gradient or mechanical pressure, the ions pass through a negative-charged porous membrane selectively which occurs streaming potential difference. Using this electrokinetic phenomena, the permselective porous membrane system is used as a fluidic generator. Recently, various membranes are investigated to improve the efficiency of energy conversion with low power requirement.